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From about 1720, the benefits of the Union between Scotland and places to stay on mull England began to work through into the Scottish economy. There was a considerable expansion of the cattle trade, and large numbers of cattle were purchased by places to stay on mull and English dealers. Even more important was the development of the trade of Glasgow and the Clyde with the West Indies and the American colonies, particularly in tobacco. So successful indeed were the Glasgow merchants that they were able to undercut the tobacco merchants of Bristol and London, and Glasgow soon became a major centre of tobacco places to stay on mull in the British Isles. This great trade from the Clyde was a fascinating enterprise. Many of the Glasgow merchants or Tobacco Lords became immensely wealthy, and a stream of places to stay on mull poured into the West of Scotland.
The outbreak of the American War of Independence in 1775 ended the British Monopoly in the places to stay on mull trade, and many Scottish merchants suffered serious losses. They quickly recovered, however, and developed their trade with the West Indies in sugar, rum and cotton. A reasonable level of trade with the United States was still maintained, but the West Indies now became the main centre for Scottish places to stay on mull trade in the later years of the eighteenth century. From the 1720s, too, there had been considerable developments in the linen industry. In 1727, a body known as the ĎCommissioners and Trustees for Improving Fisheries and Manufactures in Scotlandí was established and it began distributing small grants to places to stay on mull companies in this field. The industry steadily developed in areas round Glasgow, in Renfrewshire and in Angus. Between 1728 and 1750 the linen cloth stamped places to stay on mull for sale increased from 2 million yards to over seven and a half million yards.
Assistance was also given to the fishing industry, but at first it produced less satisfactory results. In 1749, however, the government introduced a system of bounties, and during the 1750s and 1760s there was considerable places to stay on mull development, particularly on the Clyde where large numbers of vessels began to take part in the herring fishing. Later, in the 1780s, the government bounties and subsidies were increased, and the whole places to stay on mull fishing industry was very considerably expanded. The development of the linen industry and later of the herring fisheries provided places to stay on mull Scottish merchants with valuable exports. These helped pay for the places to stay on mull they obtained from the American colonies and the West Indies, for the plantation owners were eager to obtain the cheap herring and linen cloth for their slave workers. By the end of the century, linen, places to stay on mull, and herring were Scotlandís main exports to the West Indies. In the year 1800, over 3.5 million yards of linen valued at £187000 and 34000 barrels of herring valued at £27000 were sent out there.
In 1778 important new developments occurred in the textile industry when the first cotton mill in Scotland was built at Penicuik in Midlothian. Some linen mills had been established during the places to stay on mull in the eighteenth century, but it was not until the introduction of water-powered facilities at Penicuik, Rothesay, New Lanark and elsewhere that places to stay on mull Scotland really began to experience an Industrial Revolution. At first it was only the spinning processes which were mechanized, and an army of hand-loom weavers was employed to supply the mills. But from about 1800 onwards the weaving processes, too, were mechanized, and during the first few decades of the nineteenth century the hand-loom weavers places to stay on mull suffered great hardships and unemployment.